Theresa May Survived a No-Confidence Vote. What Is It? – The New York Times - http://howtoezearnonline.com | ways to make money onlineDecember 12, 2018 6:36 pm
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LONDON — While Prime Minister Theresa May was visiting European leaders to find support for improving her deal for Britain’s exit from the European Union, some of her own party’s members of Parliament were preparing a no-confidence vote against her leadership.
On Wednesday, the process came to a head. Here’s a guide to how it unfolded.
What set off the vote?
At least 15 percent of her party’s lawmakers — at least 48 members of Parliament — submitted letters demanding a ballot to the chairman of the 1922 committee, the body that represents Conservative backbenchers.
The chairman, Graham Brady, announced on Wednesday that he had received more than the required number of letters, and that the no-confidence vote would proceed.
When did the vote take place?
Conservative lawmakers gathered in Westminster on Wednesday evening to give Mrs. May a chance to address them.
After the prime minister’s address, lawmakers cast ballots in a metal box for about two hours, from 6 to 8 p.m. local time, with the result revealed about an hour later.
Mrs. May needs the votes of at least 158 Conservative lawmakers to keep her leadership position.CreditBen Stansall/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images
Mrs. May had to win 50 percent of the votes plus one, and there are 315 Conservative lawmakers.
More than the required number of lawmakers — over 158 — had publicly pledged their support, according to British news outlets and posts on social media.
Because the ballots are cast in secret, it was not certain that everyone who promised to support Mrs. May would necessarily vote for her.
The vote: 200-117
Mrs. May now has breathing room.
The lawmakers in her party are barred from challenging her for one year, which strengthens her position.
A very narrow win could’ve put her under pressure to resign, because dozens of the lawmakers who voted are also government ministers, meaning it could’ve been argued that she had won only with the support of politicians paid to support her administration.
In 1990, one former prime minister, Margaret Thatcher, resigned after she was challenged under a different procedure and won only narrowly in a first round of voting.
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Mrs. May could conceivably also lose power after winning this leadership vote if Parliament as a whole passes a vote of no confidence in her government.
There’s no sign of that happening yet. Her Brexit plan, however, still remains imperiled.
What would’ve happened if Mrs. May had lost?
Mrs. May would no longer be the leader of the Conservative Party, and Mr. Brady would’ve begun the process to choose a successor, most likely on Tuesday.
Lawmakers would’ve voted in rounds of secret ballots, with the least-popular candidate eliminated each time, until two contenders remain.